009 - Nehad, F.

Freshta Nehad:

Women Entrepreneurship in Afghanistan and Success Determinants of Afghan Women Entrepreneurs: Case Study of Kabul City



Historically, men have dominated entrepreneurship. Even today, men own a high proportion of businesses. This imbalance is even larger in developing and least developed countries due to socio-cultural and traditional conservative values, which further prohibits women’s participation in economic growth. The focus of this study is generally on female entrepreneurship in a developing country context. Particularly, it presents women entrepreneurship in Afghanistan by highlighting their personal and business characteristics, motivation and problems, their success determinants, and social and economic changes brought about by entrepreneurship in their lives. A sample of 157 women entrepreneurs engaged in different sectors was selected for the study. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were employed to evaluate the data. The findings highlighted that the desire for financial independence and autonomy were the main motivating factors for most of the women to become entrepreneurs. The key challenges included access to financial resources, insecurity, limited market and mobility, negative attitudes and lack of social acceptance. The results further indicated that among other success determinants; entrepreneurship trainings, business grant, and family support significantly affect the success of women entrepreneurs in the small businesses.

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