Enayatullah Habibi

Abstract

Fish farming is considered to make a vital contribution to the Afghan economy, and especially to the economy of Nangarhar province, in various ways, such as income generation, employment and food security. This study aims to quantify the contributions of the fish farming sub-sector to household income and food security, and to ascertain the challenges faced by fish farmers in the province. The results of the study indicate that the majority of fish farmers face several obstacles, such as a lack of sources of capital, shortages of fingerling hatcheries, lack of security and the existence of diseases. Moreover, the study shows that the effects of income from fish farms and livestock on the total income of the targeted population are statistically significant. It indicates that fish farming is a major factor affecting the total income of the targeted households. Fish farming is a key source of income generation among the targeted population, and it also contributes towards solving the problem of food insecurity in the province. The study is based on both primary and secondary data. The primary data were collected from people working in this sub-sector and the secondary data were collected from various available sources, such as reports issued by governments, the World Bank, and other valid sources from national and international donors. We chose to collect the primary data from Nangarhar province, which is divided into 22 districts and has a population of around 1,436,000. To conduct the study, 100 fish farms were chosen randomly from five districts (Jalalabad, Kama, Khewa, Batikot and Surkhrod) out of the 22 in the province. Twenty fish farmers from each of the five selected districts were randomly chosen for interview. A questionnaire was designed and used to collect data from 100 fish farms located in Nangarhar province. Furthermore, both quantitative and qualitative techniques were used to analyze the collected data.

 

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