078 - Qaeem, A. Q.

Abdul Qayoom Qaeem:

Investigation of Factors Influencing Success in Public Universities’ Entrance Exam (Konkur) in Afghanistan: The Case of Herat City High School Graduates



This study is an effort to discover what factors influence the success of high school graduates accessing public higher education in Afghanistan. Its objective is to identify the influencing factors that can negatively or positively affect student success in the public university entrance exam (Konkur) in Herat Province, as a case study for the whole country. The list of Konkur participants in 2019 was obtained from the Department of Secondary Education at the Education Directorate of Herat Province, and primary data was collected from a random sample of 256 male and female high school graduates who participated in the entrance exam. Some descriptive statistics and an econometric Logit regression model were used to investigate the determinants of the high school graduates’ success in the Konkur exam. The results indicate that duration of participation in the preparation course, daily hours allocated to preparation, age and household level of income have positive effects on student success in the Konkur exam; conversely, working in the year before the exam has a significantly negative impact on student success. The study also shows that gender and frequency of participation in the exam have no significant effect on student success.

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