Ajmal Haidari

Abstract

Clean water provision is challenging for Afghanistan as a post-conflict country. Afghanistan has suffered long term economic and political instabilities as a result its infrastructures has been severely impaired. Fortunately, international aid assisting in Afghanistan’s redevelopment has included investment projects for rehabilitating the water supply system in order to provide safe and clean water. This quantitative research assesses the impact of the water supply project in Fayzabad city of Badakhshan province. Data was collected with two questionnaires developed for treatment and control groups. The treatment group included households that benefited from the project and households that still relied on unfiltered water sources made up the control. 500 questionnaires were distributed with 250 in each group. We used regression to analysis the data in four models which assessed project impact using health, education, time spend collecting water and savings as dependent variables. The data was statistically analyzed using SPSS version 25. The results indicate that, program intervention decreased school absences as indicator of the project effect on education, additionally the analysis showed a decrease in sickness and hospital visits. The time-saving effects and financial savings also showed a positive change as result of project intervention in the treatment group. It was found that program intervention positively impacts the welfare and quality of life for residents in Fayzabad.

Download here