Juma Khan Zawali & Ghulam Reza Paikar

Abstract

Afghanistan is a traditional country with certain customs and behaviors in relation to women. The participation of women in the labor market is very low and marriage in particular can change women’s behavior toward economic activities. This study investigated the determinants of married women’s labor force participation in Afghanistan with empirical evidence from Samangan and Balkh provinces. An attempt was made to ascertain the determinants of the types of economic activities in which married women engage. The data consist of information from 954 married women and their households that were collected through a field survey. The data analysis followed binomial and multinomial logistic regression. In this case study, we found that level of education, work experience and knowledge of the English language were positively associated with the probability of married women’s labor force participation. Higher education levels of married women increased the probability of their employment in high-profile occupations. Having children aged between 0 to 5 years old acted to reduce the economic activities of married women, while children aged in the category of 6-15 years and family member older than 55 years old positively increased the probability of married women’s labor force participation. The household heads’ level of education, size of the family, family income and family wealth all negatively affected the probability of married women’s participation in the labor market.

Download here