Wafiullah Kotwal

Abstract

Sugarcane is one of the most important crops in Nangarhar province. It plays a vital role in the socio-economic life of those who grow it. This study empirically analyzed the factors affecting sugarcane production in Nangarhar province in Afghanistan. The study used primary data collected from sugarcane growers in three major districts (Kama, Khewa and Bihsud) of Nangarhar province. The study collected data from a total of 300 sugarcane growers. These growers were selected using a random sampling method and the data was collected with structured, pre-tested questionnaires. An OLS regression model, based on an extended Cobb-Douglas production function, was used to analyze the data. The yearly income of the farmers was used as a monetary measure of sugarcane production and was defined as the dependent variable. The explanatory variables considered for the study were cost of seed, cost of labor, cost of urea, cost of manure, cost of insecticides, cost of pesticides, area of land under sugarcane cultivation, cost of DAP, cost of chemical fertilizers and cost of land preparation. The results of the analysis show that of these 10 independent variables, only area of land, cost of pesticides, cost of insecticides and cost of land preparation have an effect on sugarcane production in Nangarhar province. In order to enhance the productivity of sugarcane cultivation in Nangarhar province, the government should provide farmers with assistance, so that they can control the factors affecting the productivity of sugarcane cultivation.

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