067 - Temory. M. D.

Mohammad Dawude Temory:

Impact of Agricultural Mechanization on Production and Income Generation in Afghanistan: Case Study of Herat Province



Agricultural mechanization is the utilization of different power sources and advanced farm tools and equipment to decrease the drudgery of farmers and replace the use of draught animals. It helps increase income, cropping intensity, production and efficiency, causing to the benefits different crop inputs and decreasing the losses at different stages of crop production. The purpose of farm mechanization is to increase overall production and income generation and to lower costs. Agriculture is critical for Afghanistan’s food security and is a key driver of economic growth. Most Afghan families live in rural areas and rely on agriculture and farming for their livelihoods and to feed their families. Agriculture also creates employment and investment opportunities for people living in urban areas. This study found that agricultural mechanization has helped to increase the overall income and production of farms in five districts of Herat Province. By applying the Cobb-Douglas production function, we found that in our first model, which looks at crop production, farm size, quantity of seed, quantity of fertilizer, irrigated area and quantity of agrochemicals all have a positive effect on production: an increase or decrease in any of these inputs will increase or decrease production respectively. In our second model, which looks at income, we found that price and production are closely related to income. However, the other variables, including labor, education and experience, are not associated with income at the farm level in the study area.

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