Elhamuddin Safi

Abstract

Afghanistan is facing a large number of challenges, including climate change and natural disasters, demographic shifts, limited job opportunities, inescapable gender inequalities, and food insecurity. Food insecurity has increased from 33 percent in 2014 to 45 percent in 2017 to encompass 13.2 million individuals in total, 3.4 million of which are severely food insecure. Nangarhar is the most food-insecure province in Afghanistan: 84% of households are food insecure, and 36% severely so. The Afghan government and its international partners have promoted greenhouse farming to decrease this problem here; so far, however, such farming’s actual effect has remained unclear. This study is designed to analyze the impact of greenhouse farming on food insecurity in Nanagarhar Province. With a team, of surveyors, we surveyed 275 greenhouse farms, and used quantitative and qualitative analyses to better understand the status of greenhouse farms. The results show that greenhouse farming could not fully solve the problem of food insecurity. However, 34% of respondents always have access to safe food, 23% of farmers became self-sufficient in their household food supply, and 18% farmers no longer fear starvation after establishing their greenhouse farms. 172 of the 275 surveyed greenhouse farms’ owners sometimes suffered from a food shortage. Similarly, 25% of the owners felt no change in the food availability as a result of greenhouse farming.

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