Atiqullah Safi

Abstract

This study shows the impact of solar energy on study hours of children in households of the Kama district, Nangarhar, Afghanistan. Electricity produced from dams is very scarce in Afghanistan, and only few households are able to satisfy their daily needs. Only 32% of Afghan people have access to dam-derived electricity. The availability of energy could improve education, health, and the economic performance of the country. In recent years, households in Afghanistan have provided themselves with power using solar panels. It has been unclear whether solar lighting has had an impact on the study hours of children. Moreover, do boys and girls differ in their study hours? Study hours before and after the installation of solar panels were compared. The results show that solar energy has a positive impact on the study hours of children. Solar energy leads to a 51.6% increase in study hours, whereby the gender factor has a significance of 29.3%. In larger families solar energy influences study time behavior by a factor of 2.2%. All factors are statistically significant. The results also indicate that before the installation of solar panels, children in households studied for 2.75 hours per day. However, after the installation of solar panels, children’s study hours increased to 4.42 hours per day. It must be noted that the study hours of boys and girls differ. Boys studied more than girls. This may be due to the requirement for girls to do housework like cleaning and cooking, which is unaffected by the installation of solar-powered lighting.

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