059 - Safi, A.

Atiqullah Safi:

Impact of International Migration and Remittances on Household Income Sources: Case Study of Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan



The main objective of this study was to explore the impact of migration and remittances on household income sources in Afghanistan. Similar studies in other countries have shown that remittances have a positive impact on investment, agriculture, self-employment and other income sources. Four hundred households in eastern Nangarhar province, Afghanistan were interviewed for this study. The data was collected by two survey teams. The first team worked in an urban area (Jalalabad city) and the second worked in the rural area. Each team interviewed two hundred families who had at least one family member in Europe. The same specially designed questionnaire was used in both areas. The New Economics of Labor Migration model, which is now well-known across the world, was used to analyze the data. The results show that remittances have a positive effect on agriculture, self-employment or business, and total investment. Larger families, especially those in urban areas, were more likely to send a second and third person to European countries. The study showed that family size, children and livestock are not positively correlated with remittance.


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