Ghulam Reza Paikar

Abstract

Afghanistan has a large proportion of young people in its labor force and it also has a high rate of youth unemployment. There are several demographic and socio-economic factors affecting young people’s participation in the labor force. This case study investigated the factors determining youth labor force participation in Afghanistan with empirical evidence from Aybek city. An attempt was made to ascertain the determinants of young people’s economic activities. The data for this case study consists of information from 329 young people and their households which were collected through structured interviews. Binomial logistic regressions were used for the data analysis. In this case study, we conclude that years of work experience and possessing English language and computer skills increase the probability that a young person will participate in the labor market. Young people’s participation in the labor market is also determined by gender. Culturally, women are expected to work in the house and take care of children, so being female may decrease the chance of labor force participation. Marital status, family size, and the education level of the head of the household positively affected youth labor force participation. However, assets and mediation (i.e., a middleman) in the process of employment have negative effects on the probability that a young person will be economically active. 

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