052 - Zawali & Paikar

Juma Khan Zawali & Ghulam Reza Paikar:

Child labor and child schooling decisions in Afghan families: comparative study from Balkh, Samangan, and Jawzjan provinces



Schooling has been expanded in recent years. The country has high levels of primary and secondary school enrolment for both boys and girls. However, a substantial proportion of children are not enrolled in school or are economically exploited. This paper tries to determine the factors influencing a family’s decision to send their children to the labor market or to enroll them in school in the cases of 1,210 children aged 6-15 in Samangan, Balkh, and Jawzjan provinces. A logit model was employed for the data analysis. The analysis suggests that parental education and parental employment positively affected child schooling and negatively affected child labor. However, a mother’s employment has a negative association with child schooling.  The number of employed family members has a positive effect on the probability of child schooling and a negative effect on the probability of child labor, while the number of unemployed members has a negative effect on child schooling and a positive effect on child labor. The number of siblings in different age groups also influences child labor and child schooling. In a larger family, younger children have a higher chance of going to school. The probability of child schooling increases and the probability of child labor decreases with an increase in GDP per capita of the household. Child labor and child schooling can also be determined by age and gender. 

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Profiles of the Authors:

Juma Khan Zawali

Ghulam Reza Paikar