Ghulam Reza Paikar

Abstract

Afghanistan is a country with the lowest rate of female labor force participation. There are several demographic and socio-economic factors preventing women from participating in the labor market. This case study investigated the factors influencing female labor force participation in Afghanistan with empirical evidence from Mazar-e-Sharif city. An attempt was made to ascertain the determinants of the types of economic activities in which women engage. The data for this case study consists of information from 504 women and their households that were collected through a field survey. Binomial and multinomial logistic regressions were used for the data analysis. In this case study, we conclude that the educational attainment of women has a positive impact on the probability that they will work in the labor market. In particular, a woman with a bachelor’s degree has a higher chance of potential earnings in the labor market. Marital status, family size, employment status of the husbands and GDP per capita of the household have negative impacts on the probability that women will work in the labor market.

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