010 - Sabary, G. Sh.

Gul Shah Sabary:

Government Tasks and efficient Governance-Perspectives for Afghanistan - A Case Study of the Khost Province



The findings of this research show that the imbalance of authorities in different sectors of the government was a fundamental factor producing inefficiencies in providing public goods and services in the Khost province, because the local governments either on provincial level or district levels was not able to response to the individuals’ preferences as required on the ground. The results of the case study show that the local government is faced with restricted authorities in terms of budget and labor allocation in the Khost province. It means that the central government is the key decider of any important issue concerning provincial and district level. These restrictions of the authorities in various public sectors cause local governments not to fulfill their commitments. For example, in the Provincial Development Plan proposed to build six public hospitals for different districts in Khost for the years 2010, 2011 and 2012. However, no public hospitals were built in the district until the first quarter of the year 2013. Therefore, most of the public goods and services especially the public health care and public education remained crowded. In fact, any crowd can reduce individuals’ utility, therefore, not any public policy was available on the ground to avoid or at least reduce the level of congestion. Hence, most of the individuals are dissatisfied with the public goods and service delivery in Khost province. Therefore, the results show that 40 percent of the people from public education and 44 percent of the people from public health are dissatisfied.

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